Soccer (Football) is one the oldest and most well-known sports in the world. The Football World Cup is the pinnacle of international football. There are tournaments such as the Euro Championships and Copa America, as well the African Cup of Nations. The English Premier League, Spain (La Liga), Italy and Germany are the top domestic leagues. Soccer is also known in some parts of the world.
Object of the game
Football’s goal is to score as many goals as possible in 90 minutes. Each half of the match lasts 45 minutes. Half time is a 15-minute rest between the 45th and 60th minutes. The second 45 minute will begin again. Referees will add any additional time (injury time), accordingly.
Players and Equipment
Each team has 11 players. Each team is made up of one goalkeeper, ten outfielders and one goalkeeper. Although the pitch dimensions will vary depending on which ground you are playing on, they are approximately 120 yards in length and 75 yards wide. Each pitch will have a 6 x 6 box near the goal mouth, an 18 x 6 box around the box, and a central circle. In terms of dimensions, each half of the pitch should be identical.
The only equipment required for a soccer match are a pitch and a ball. Players can also be seen wearing matching strips, shin pads, and studded football boots. As the only ones allowed to touch the ball, goalkeepers will also wear padded gloves. Each team will have its own captain.
The ball must be in your opponent’s goal to score. To be considered a goal, the ball must be complete. Any part of the body can score a goal, except the arm or hand that extends beyond the shoulder. A frame 8 feet in height and 8 yards in width is the goal.
The Game is Won
You must score more goals than your opponents to win. The game ends if the scores are equal after 90 minutes. Cup games can have extra time or a penalty shootout to determine the winner. Except for goalkeepers, who have the right to use any part of their bodies within the 18 yard box, players must kick with their feet.
Rules of football (Soccer).
- Matches are split into two 45-minute halves, with a 15-minute rest period between.
- A match can only be played by a maximum of seven players.
- The field can be either artificial grass or natural grass. You can vary the size of your pitches, but they must not exceed 100-130 yards in length and 50-100 feet in width. A rectangular rectangle must be drawn around the pitch showing out of bounds. It should also include two 6-yard boxes, two 18-yard boxes and a center circle. Also visible must be a spot for a penalty 12 yards from both goals and the centre circle.
- The circumference of the ball must be between 58 and 61cm. It should also have a circular shape.
- Each team may name up to seven substitute players. Each team can make up to three substitutions per match. If all three substitutes are made, and a player is injured on the field, the team will have to play without that player.
- One referee must be present at each game, along with two assistant referees (linesmen). The referee’s job is to keep the game running smoothly and to make all necessary decisions, such as throw-ins, fouls, penalties, and extra time at the end. Referees may consult assistant referees during matches to make a decision. The assistant referee is responsible for spotting offsides (see below), throwing ins for either side, and assisting the referee with all decision-making processes.
- If the match goes beyond the 90 minute time limit, the extra 30 minutes will be added to the clock in two 15-minute halves.
- A penalty shootout is required if teams remain level after additional time.
- To be considered a goal, the entire ball must reach the goal line.
- A referee can give a yellow or a red card for fouls. This depends on the severity of the foul. A yellow card is a warning, while a red card is for dismissal. One red card will be issued for every two yellow cards. One red card will equal two yellow cards.
- A throw-in is when a ball goes out play against an opponent on either side line. It is considered a goal kick if it is kicked off by an attacking player at the base line. It is a corner kick if it bounces off of a defending player.
The Offside Rule in Football
When an attacking player is directly in front of the last defense, it is called offside. To discourage players from waiting around for a pass, the offside zone is there to deter them. When the ball is passed to them, they must be in front of the last defender to be considered onside. A player who is directly in front of the last defender is considered offside. The defending team will receive a free kick.
In their own half, a player cannot be offside. A goalkeeper is not considered a defender. If the ball is being played backwards, and the player is not in front of the last defense, he is considered to be offside.